The Chinese are a nation with a strong sense of locality. Leaving the country has always been regarded as a great tragedy in life. In the Chinese literary tradition, starting from ancient times, the Book of Songs "Caiwei", "Dongshan", Chu Ci "Aiying" , "Li Sao", expel ministers and move guests, wanderers and guard people, have always been important figures in our poetry. Our long and difficult historical process, several major national migrations and displacements, the Western Jin Dynasty to the east, and the Song Dynasty to the south, have inspired countless literati to write a chapter that shakes the ancient moon and the present, and conveys the grief of our nation's departure from home and loss of the country and the state.
record it. However, no matter how banner design severe the turmoil was, the scope of people's exodus was not outside mainland China. Only in the late Ming Dynasty when Zheng Chenggong led a group of people across the sea to Taiwan was the first time that the Chinese people escaped from the mainland motherland because of the chaos. However, in the middle of this century, due to the rise of communism in China, the Communist Party successfully seized power in the mainland, and the exile of the Chinese people began in 1949, with millions of people fleeing the mainland, to Hong Kong, Taiwan, to every corner of the world, the scale, the spread, and the length of time in exile are unprecedented.
The exile of the Chinese this time, from the perspective of the whole history, is also another chapter in the exile trend of the 20th century, and Chinese writers in exile, of course, also created Chinese-style exile literature. The Chinese tradition of worrying about the country since Li Sao, on the other hand, has also added the literary sensibility of the Chinese people in the 20th century, which was influenced by the West. In the early days, as a large number of writers from the Nationalist government arrived in Taiwan, there were occasional writers who fled the mainland sporadically, such as Eileen Chang, but in the recent "June 4th" massacre in Beijing, a considerable number of mainland Chinese writers were detained overseas. They are led by the poet Bei Dao and others.